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Raging COVID-19 cases are expected to have restrained U.S. labor market in December

AnalysisWatch Latest Article
January 08, 2021 at 10:40 AM, GMT
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The U.S. economy probably made the least jobs in seven months in December or even shed laborers as the nation clasped under an onslaught of coronavirus infections, denoting the beginning of what is expected to be a bleak winter.

In spite of the foreseen weakness in the Labor Department’s closely watched employment report on Friday, the economy is probably not going to fall back into recession, with extra pandemic relief approved by the government in late December providing a backstop. More fiscal stimulus is expected.

Democrats this week won two Senate seats in runoff elections in Georgia, dealing with the chamber and boosting the possibilities for President-elect Joe Biden’s legislative agenda.

Biden will be confirmed on Jan. 20, with the economy recuperating simply over half of the 22.2 million jobs lost during the downturn that began in February. At least 19 million Americans are receiving unemployment checks.

“Job growth has been decelerating, since the easy part of the recovery in the labor market, recalling workers, has mostly run its course,” stated Ryan Sweet, a senior economist at Moody’s Analytics in West Chester, Pennsylvania. “Surging COVID-19 cases and tighter restrictions to contain the spread of the virus were a heavy weight on the job market in December.”

Nonfarm payrolls probably expanded by 77,000 jobs last month after rising 245,000 in November, as per a Reuters survey of economists. That would be the smallest gain since the jobs recovery began in May and leave employment roughly 9.763 million jobs beneath its February peak.

There is even a solid possibility that payrolls declined in December, which would end a seven-month employing streak. First-time applications for unemployment benefits spiked in mid-December when employers were reviewed for the employment report.

Companies declared a 18.9% surge in layoffs last month, and a measure of service industry employment contracted. Consumers were additionally very downbeat in their evaluation of the labor market.


However, any drop in payrolls will probably not mark the beginning of job losses. Congress a week ago affirmed almost $900 billion in extra stimulus, which is relied upon to lift household income and consumer spending. Economists foresee the Biden administration will give another package by March and boost infrastructure spending.

There is likewise optimism that the rollout of Covid vaccines will be better planned under the new government.

“We are in the middle of a slowdown that needs to get through the holiday shutdowns and the virus surge,” stated Joel Naroff, chief economist at Naroff Economics in Holland, Pennsylvania. “Hopefully, we will see better coordination on the vaccination front, but given the indifference to health shown by the population over the past few months, it is hard to see that the virus surge will do anything but get worse before it gets better.”

Payrolls a month ago were likely kept down by job losses in the leisure and hospitality sectors, with most jurisdictions restricting indoor dining. Manufacturing and construction industries probably recruited more laborers to fulfill strong demand for goods like motor vehicles and houses. That underscores what has come to be known as a K-shaped recovery, where better-paid workers laborers are progressing admirably lower-paid workers are struggling.

Government employment probably diminished for a fourth consecutive month. A large portion of the job losses have been in local government education, with most schools having moved to web based learning.

The unemployment rate is estimate to have risen to 6.8% in December from 6.7% in November. The jobless rate has been understated by people misclassifying themselves as being “employed however absent from work.”

The government will on Friday overhaul the household survey series from which the unemployment rate is inferred, returning five years. The revisions are, however, not expected to correct the classification error.

“Given the massive swings in most major household survey series in 2020, those revisions are likely to be larger than usual this year, but they will not, obviously, alter the basic storyline of a steep decline in employment in the spring followed by a sustained but incomplete recovery in the ensuing months,” stated Lou Crandall, chief economist at Wrightson ICAP in Jersey City.

The revisions will incorporate the workforce interest rate, or the proportion of working-age Americans who have a job or are searching for one, just as the employment-to-population ratio, which is seen as a measure of an economy’s ability to create employment.

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